Diaphragmatic Hernia – Is It Always Congenital?


A diaphragmatic hernia occurs when any one or more of abdominal organs move upwards into the chest through an opening in the diaphragm. This opening is actually a defect which is either since birth (congenital) or develops in the course of life (acquired). Thus, diaphragmatic hernia has two types, namely; Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH) and Acquired Diaphragmatic Hernia (ADH). The differences between the two will be highlighted below.

Differences in the Types

CDH occurs due to the abnormal development of a foetus in the womb. This abnormal development results in a defect which allows one or more organs to move up and occupy some space in the chest, where lungs should be. This usually affects one lung which doesn’t develop properly. 

ADH usually results from an injury, either a blunt one or a penetrating one. Accidents and falls are usually to blame for these, and an error made during abdominal or chest surgery can also cause ADH.


Both CDH and ADH typically require urgent surgery. Diaphragmatic hernia treatment comes under the branch of medicine known as gastroenterology, and the surgery will be performed by gastro-surgeon. During the surgery, the abdominal organs are removed from the chest and placed back in the abdomen. The diaphragm is then repaired. With CDH, the surgery has to be done 48 to 72 hours after birth of the child. With ADH, surgery should happen as soon as possible after diagnosis.
There are multi-specialty hospitals in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR for all sorts of gastric problem treatment, where you can find the best gastroenterologist in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR.

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